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Previous PCC decisions

The Professional Conduct Committee (PCC) is the disciplinary tribunal constituted under the Architects Act 1997 to hear allegations of unacceptable professional conduct and serious professional incompetence against architects.  These are the two “offences” under which an architect can be found guilty.  The Committee has the power to issue reprimands, levy fines, and suspend or erase an architect’s name from the Register.

Section 15(4) of the Act requires the PCC to publish the name and offence of those architects who have been found guilty of unacceptable professional conduct or serious professional incompetence.

The Act is silent on the length of time that an architect’s name and offence should remain in the public domain, but the Board’s view is that it is against the principles of natural justice for cases to be publicised indefinitely.  It has therefore adopted a policy whereby findings and penalties resulting from PCC hearings should be publicised for no more than the following periods:

Penalty Publication period
Reprimand/No Order One year
Fine Two years
Suspension For the duration of the suspension + two years after its expiry
Erasure Five years

Ultimately, however, the decision as to the period of publicity lies with the PCC.

The following tables contain a list of all cases heard by the PCC since 1997.  However, in line with the Board’s policy, the second table lists only the date, nature of offence and penalty imposed.  The name of the architect is withheld.

A list of all cases heard by the PCC since 1997 showing the date, architect, nature of offence and penalty imposed.

Key:
UPC: Unacceptable professional conduct
SPI: Serious professional incompetence
DC: Disgraceful conduct


Date: 18 September 2017
Architect: Mr Don James Rush
Address:
Rush and Company Limited, 7 Upper Malone Road, Belfast, County Antrim, BT9 6TD
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to enter into a written agreement with his client prior to undertaking any professional work, which adequately, or at all, covered all matters set out in Standard 4.4 and 4.6 of the Architects Code: Standards of Conduct and Practice 2010
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12-13 September 2017
Architect: Mr Euan Millar
Address: 
Icosis Architects Ltd, 28 Albert Street, Edinburgh, EH7 5LG
Nature of offence: UPC: knowingly permitted the contractor to install a septic tank at the Property without obtaining approval from Building Control
Penalty: 12 month suspension


Date: 12-13 September 2017
Architect: Mr J Ross McKay
Address:
 50 Cassillis Road, Maybole, Ayrshire, KA19 7HF
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to inform the client, adequately or at all, that additional fees were being incurred on an hourly rate and accumulating during the production of revised sketch proposals
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 26 & 27 July 2017
Architect: Dr Ghassan Kamha
Address: 
Dr Ghassan Kamha & Partners, 5 Mauldeth Road West, Withington, Manchester, M20 3WB
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to set out terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 26 June 2017
Architect: Mr Raymond Smale
Address:
AART Architects, 10 Croft Lane, Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire, SG6 1AP
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to enter into a written agreement with the client which adequately, or at all, covered matters set out in Standard 4.4 and 4.6 of the 2010 Architects Code; failed to have a written procedure for complaints handling
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 26 June 2017
Architect: Mr Jonathan Llewellyn
Address:
Jonathan Llewellyn Architecture + Design, 26 Tavinor Drive, Pewsham, Chippenham, Wiltshire, SN15 3FU
Nature of offence: UPC: That whilst acting as a director of Maya Studio Limited (“the Company”), he failed to ensure that the Company’s professional finances were managed responsibly which resulted in the Company being placed into voluntary liquidation on 4 November 2013; on 3 August 2015, provided an undertaking to the Secretary of State under the Directors Disqualification Act 1986 that he would not act as a director of a company and/or and insolvency practitioner for a period of 3.5 years
Penalty: 12 month suspension


Date: 22 and 23 February & 13 March 2017
Architect: Mr Douglas Stuart
Address:
Douglas Stuart Chartered Architect, 3 Doupac Gardens, Fortrose, Ross-shire, IV10 8WD
Nature of offence: UPC: In relation to the Infiltration System Test Results Certificate dated 27 June 2013: recorded on the said certificate that he had undertaken the sub-soil percolation tests on 24,25 and 26 June 2013 when he had not done so;  subsequently stated he had undertaken the sub-soil percolation tests on 24,25 and 26 May 2013 when he had not done so; was dishonest in respect of (a) and (b) above, in that he intended to create the impression he had undertaken the sub-soil percolation tests on the said dates when he had not done so. Produced a Final Inspection Certificate submitted on 22 April 2014 which was rejected by Highland Council on grounds which were avoidable.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 2 and 3 March 2017
Architect: Ms Ighobemre Tabor
Address:
Siproj Architecture, 23 Thrale Road, London, SW16 1NS
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to provide complainant with any, or any adequate explanation for non payment and/or an update of her financial position; failed to inform ARB that she failed to pay a judgement debt; failed adequately, or at all, to disclose in writing to the Complainants that in acting as both an architect and a contractor her advice would not longer be impartial; and/or there was a conflict or potential conflict of interest; and/or given the conflict or potential conflict of interest  she required the written confirmation from the Complainant(s) giving informed consent to the Respondent continuing to act.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 1 March 2017
Architect: Mr James Rooney
Address:
James Rooney Chartered Architect Limited, 783a Antrim Road, Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, BT36 7PW
Nature of offence: UPC: failed adequately, or at all, to enter into a written agreement with the client prior to undertaking any professional work
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 15 and 23 December 2016
Architect: Mr Peter Carroll
Address:
CMI Consulting, 11 Warren Yard, Wolverton Mill, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, MK12 5NW
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to ensure that the architectural work carried out by the practice was under the control and management of a registered architect; failed to ensure that the complainant aware of the identity of the registered architect dealing with the project
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 6 December 2016
Architect: Mr Raymond Smale
Address:
AART Architects, 10 Croft Lane, Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire, SG6 1AP
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to enter into a written agreement with the client which adequately, or at all, covered matters set out in Standard 4.4 and 4.6 of the 2010 Architects Code; failed to have a written procedure for complaints handling
Penalty: £500 penalty order


Date: 14 – 16 November 2016
Architect: Mr Toby Howell
Address:
Mitchell Evans LLP, 90 Meadrow, Godalming, Surrey, GU7 3HY
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to adequately inspect the works, or ensure that the works were adequately inspected prior to the final certificate being issued, in particular failed to ensure that the ongoing dispute regarding faulty pumps had been resolved; made a statement that was dishonest or misleading
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 7 and 8 November 2016
Architect: Mr Cristobal Mendoza-Cruz
Address: Menza Architecture Ltd., Saunders House, 52 – 53 The Mall, London, W5 3TA
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to deal appropriately with a complaint, in that he failed upon reasonable demand to refund an overpayment to his client; failed to ensure that the website of the practice promote his professional services in a truthful and responsible manner; acted without integrity by inappropriately suggesting in a letter to the Board that you would only return the money overpaid to him if the complainant agreed to withdraw the complaint to the Board; he failed to account, or has delayed in accounting, to his client in respect of monies she had overpaid to him; failed to co-operate fully and promptly with Board’s enquiries, in that he failed to provide evidence to the Board that he retained money in a separate client account
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 3 November 2016
Architect: Mr J Ross McKay
Address:
50 Cassillis Road, Maybole, Ayrshire, Scotland, KA19 7HF
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to inform the client, adequately or at all, that additional fees were being incurred on an hourly rate and accumulating during the production of revised sketch proposals
Penalty: £2000 penalty order


Date: 1 November 2016
Architect: Mr William Paterson
Address: 18 Victoria Park Gardens, North Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland, G11 7EJ
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to complete the planning permission application in relation to a development in a prompt and timely manner; withdrew the application for said planning permission in or around November 2013 without the consent of the complainant; failed to advise the complainant that he had withdrawn the application the said planning permission until 8 March 2014; failed to safeguard the complainant’s monies by placing a refund that he had received from the Council on or around November 2013 into his personal current account
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 24 and 25 October 2016
Architect: Ms Paula Butterfield
Address: Butterfield Architecture, 102 Roseneath Road, Urmston, Manchester, Lancashire, M41 5AZ
Nature of offence: SPI: failed to carry out work faithfully, conscientiously and with skill and care in that she failed adequately, or at all, to carry out an accurate survey; produced drawings which were inadequate and misleading; failed adequately, or at all, to comply with the clients’ instructions and/or expectations that the extension to the clients’ property was to extend so that it was level with next doors property
Penalty: No order


Date: 17 October 2016
Architect: Mr Jeremy Hutchinson
Address: Harris Irwin Associates Ltd, The Aske Stables, Aske, Richmond, North Yorkshire, DL10 5HG
Nature of offence: UPC: knowingly took copies of former employees files to which he wasn’t entitled, and in doing so failed to act with honesty and integrity
Penalty: 3 month suspension


Date: 17 October 2016
Architect: Mr Michael Irwin
Address: Harris Irwin Associates Ltd, The Aske Stables, Aske, Richmond, North Yorkshire, DL10 5HG
Nature of offence: UPC: knowingly allowed unauthorised copies of Gelder & Kitchen LLP files to be stored on the premises of Harris Associates Ltd and to be accessed by staff, and failed to put processes in place to prevent them being used in a planning application; and in doing so, he failed to act with integrity
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 16, 17, 24 and 25 August 2016
Architect: Mr Stephen Algar
Address: Algar Design Ltd, Coach House, Kennel Avenue, Ascot, Berkshire SL5 7PB
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to act with integrity and avoid any action and/or situations which were inconsistent with his professional obligations in that he failed to submit a compliant building regulations application for a material change of use; failed to carry out his work faithfully and conscientiously and with due regard to relevant technical and professional standards in that he failed to adequately, or at all, comply with the terms and implementation of a planning permission to the basment ground floor flat; failed to adequately, or at all, ensure that the original works were correctly completed to the required standards for a residential conversion; failed adequately, or at all, to supervise the contractor on site.
Penalty: 18 month suspension


Date: 13 – 16 June and 18 – 23 August 2016
Architect: Mr Colin Simpson
Address: Crichton + Simpson Architects, 24 Ruthven Street, Glasgow G12 9BT
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to control the costs of the project; failed to ensure the building works were carried out to an acceptable standard and in accordance with the contract; failed to instruct the contractor to rectify the defects and damage; failed to issue sufficient notes of site visits.
Penalty: 1 year suspension


Date: 13 – 16 June and 18 – 23 August 2016
Architect: Mr William Crichton
Address: Crichton + Simpson Architects, 24 Ruthven Street, Glasgow G12 9BT
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to control the costs of the project; failed to ensure the building works were carried out to an acceptable standard and in accordance with the contract; failed to instruct the contractor to rectify the defects and damage; failed to issue sufficient notes of site visits; carried out inadequate defect inspections and issued a practical completion certificate despite significant outstanding defects.
Penalty: 1 year suspension


Date: 25 – 27 July 2016
Architect: Mr Julian Castle
Address:  HUB Professional Services, West Point House, 46-48 West Street, Newbury, Berkshire RG14 1BD
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to provide adequate terms of engagement; failed to adequatly keep the complainant informed as to progress despite being instructed to carry out additional supervision of the project.
Penalty: £1250 penalty order


Date: 21 July 2016
Architect: Mr Andrew MacSwayed
Address:  Clearly Architects Brampton House, Scabharbour Road, Hildenborough, Kent TN11 8PJ
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to provide adequate terms of engagement; failed to adhere to the terms agreed at the outset, failed to carry out work without delay; failed to communicate adequately with the complainant; withheld drawings until the Complainant had agreed to new terms and conditions, and issued inaccurate and/or unjustified invoices.
Penalty: £2000 penalty order (by consent)


Date: 9 June 2016
Architect: Mr Michael Dolan
Address: Michael Dolan Associates, Burgage House, Bull Lane, Thame, Oxfordshire OX9 3AD
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to hold adequate and appropriate insurance in respect of his practice; provided misleading information.
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 23 – 25 May 2016
Architect: Mr Derek Young
Address: Derek L Young Architects, 32 Meikle Gardens, Westhill, Aberdeenshire, Scotland AB32 6WN
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to provide terms of engagement before undertaking professional work.
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 11 – 14 April and 17 May 2016
Architect: Mr John Lamb
Address: John Lamb:  Architect, 70 Woodside Drive, Eaglesham, Glasgow, Scotland G76 0HD
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to control the cost of the project to redevelop a Health Centre.
Penalty: £2000 penalty order

 


 

Date: 12 – 14 January, 7 March (in chambers), 27 April 2016

Architect: Mr Mukundkumar Dolatbhai Vashee
Address: Arc 3 Architects, 103 Station Road, West Wickham BR4 0PX
Nature of offence: UPC & SPI: Failed to carry out work faithfully, conscientiously and with skill and care; failed adequately or at all to provide the client with relevant information and advice, failed adequately or at all to deal with a complaint or dispute about professional work.
Penalty: 6 month suspension


Date: 7 April 2016
Architect: Ms Mary Tadros
Address: 12 Hamilton Road, Brentford, Middlesex TW8 0QE
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to maintain adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance.
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 26 February 2016
Architect: Dr Marcella Bellistri
Address: Marcella Bellistri, 252a King Street, London W6 0SP
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to set out terms of engagement in writing; charged VAT to her client when she was not VAT registered; undertook work as an architect without having in place adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance; and declared to the ARB that she held professional indemnity insurance when she did not.
Penalty: £500 penalty order


Date: 10 & 11 September, 27 October 2015 and 1 February 2016
Architect: Mr PJ Armstrong
Address: Whitebox Architecture Ltd, Cheshire House Mews, 8 Church Hill, Knutsford, Cheshire WA16 6DH
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to keep client informed fo the cost of th works as contained in the contract and miseld the complainant as to the costs position; provided misleading advice to the complainant.
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 26 & 27 February 2015 and  2 March 2015 and 15 Janaury 2016
Architect: Mr Rajenkumar Patel
Address: FDR Architects Ltd, 142a Balls Pond Road, London, England N1 4AD
Nature of offence: UPC: acted without integrity and/or in a manner inconsistent with his professional obligations in failing to advise his clients of the consequences of entering into a fixed payment schedule and failed to act with integrity and/or faithfully and conscientiously and with due regard to relevant technical and professional standards in the administration of a contract.
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 24 & 25 September and 7 & 8 December 2015
Architect: Mr Gregor Holstead
Address: HLP Architects, 35 Joppa Road, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland EH15 2HB
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to ensure that works were completed in accordance with the contract drawings, and agreed deviations from the contract without the client’s prior approval; failed to ensure the building works were carried out to a satisfactory standard.
Penalty: 6 month suspension


Date: 11 – 13 August 2015
Architect: Mr Martin Hadlington
Address: Martin Hadlington Architect, An Fhuaran, Clachan Seil, Oban, Argyll PA34 4TL
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to adequately set out written terms of engagement, failed to poperly communicate with clients, failed to promptly inform the complainants that the building contractor had withdrawn from the project, failed to provide estimates for the cost of the build in line with the the complainants budget, failed to adequately progress the building warrant, failed to provide the complainants with planning permission documents promptly, failed to deal with invoices without undue delay, redacted the date of a delayed invoice , failed to develop an action plan and estimated timetable for the work although it had been requested, failed to ensure that the already delayed building work started in 2012, failed to deal with a complaint appropriately.
Penalty:12 month suspension


Date: 20 July 2015
Architect: Mr Jemmie Williams
Address: 117 Fallsbrook Road, London SW16 6DU
Nature of offence: Criminal Conviction
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 9, 10 and 17 June 2015
Architect: Mr Owain Devenport Evans
Address: Russell-Hughes, 56 Bridge Street, Llangefni, Gwynedd LL77 7HH
Nature of offence: UPC: Facilitated, permitted or acquiesced in the issue of a final Architects certificate without fully inspecting and/or approving the works and/or when he knew there were outstanding matters; made represenations which were inaccurate misleading and untrue, failed to respond adequately or at all to a complaint about his professional work
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 30 March 2015
Architect: Mr Paul Hammond
Address: Harper Downie, Gatehouse, 1 St. John’s Square,London EC1M 4DH
Nature of offence: Criminal Conviction.
Penalty: Erasure by consent


Date: 15 September 2014
Architect: Mr David Charles Courtenay Williams
Address: Architect in Design, 33 Sunderland Avenue, Oxford OX2 8DT
Nature of offence: Criminal Conviction.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 8 September 2014 & 29 January 2015
Architect: Mr David Edward King
Address: Edward King Architect, Courtyard House, London Road, Cuckfield, West Sussex RH17 5BY
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to act impartially in administering Joint Contract Tribunals (JCT) contract in his role as client, architect and contract administrator.
£1000 penalty order
Penalty: Superseded to Erasure following non-payment of the penalty order


Date: 16 and 17 June 2014
Architect: Mr KK Bose
Address: Ogscastle, Carnwath, Lanark, Lanarkshire, Scotland ML11 8NE
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to perform his professional work with due skill, care and diligence.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 9 May 2014
Architect: Mr IW Sherwood
Address: Hattrell D S One Architects LLP, Arthur House, Chorlton Street, Manchester M1 3EJ
Nature of offence: Criminal Conviction: Conspiracy to cheat the Public Revenue.
Penalty: Erasure


 

Date: 29 January and 4 April 2014
Architect: Mr James Robert Weighton (040944H)
Address: Robert Weighton Architect, 10 Broad Street, Stamford, Lincolnshire PE9 1PG
Nature of offence: UPC: acted dishonestly in making statements to his client which he knew, or ought ot have know, were misleading and/or discreditable to the profession, Failed to carry out work faithfully and conscientiously, failed to deal with complaints or disputes appropriately, failed to cooperate with the Board.
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 24 March 2014
Architect: Mr Mark Heyes (048562D)
Address: 10 Welbeck Crescent, Bamber Bridge, Preston, Lancashire, PR5 6ST
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to provide written terms of engagement; failed to carry out his work faithfully and conscientiously and with due regard to relevant technical and professional standards; failed to preserve the security of up to £10,000 entrusted to him in the course of his practice; failed to mainatin the reputation of architects and acted with a wilful disregard of his responsibilities and a lack of integrity in failing to inform the Board within 28 days that he had been made the subject of a bankruptcy order and that he had failed to pay a judgment debt.
Penalty: 2  year suspension


Date: 24 February 2014
Architect: Mr Ronald Tasker (040605H)
Address: 134 Dalcraig Crescent, Blantyre, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland G72 9NH
Nature of offence: UPC:failed to deal with a complaint from a third party appropriately; failed to co-operate with the ARB; failed to provide evidence of PII; failed to notify the ARB of a bankruptcy order.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 14 – 16 August 2013 & 15 October 2013
Architect: Mr Michael Balla-Goddard (049272H)
Address: Lighthouse Limited, 264 Finchley Road, London NW3 7AA
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to adequately set out terms of engagement; failed to carry out work with due skill, care and diligence; failed to carry out work without undue delay; failed to keep his client informed; failed to adequately deal with a client complaint; made unjustified claims for costs and VAT; failed to provide evidence of adequate insurance.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 15-18 April 2013 & 3 September 2013
Architect: Mr Stephen Harty (062010F)
Address: POD Architects Ltd, 33 Great Sutton Street, London EC1V 0DX
Nature of offence: UPC – made a claim for costs which he knew, or ought to have known he could not justify and made representations in witness statements provided for arbitration proceedings which were inaccurate, misleading and untrue.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 30 April 2013
Architect: Mr Andrew Plumridge (048692B)
Address: Peter Scott and Partners, Ringway House, Kelvin Road, Newbury, Berkshire RG14 2DB
Nature of offence: UPC – failed to disclose to his client in writing his relationship with the builder on the project ; certified the value of works contrary to the best interests ofthe client; refused to provide the client with a copy of minutes from a meeting unless he was paid monies; wrote a letter to the client’s employer which was inappropriate and contained unfounded allegations.
Penalty: Erasure


 

 

Key:
UPC: Unacceptable professional conduct
SPI: Serious professional incompetence
DC: Disgraceful conduct


Date: 14 – 16 March and 26 and 30 August 2016
Nature of offence: UPC: Overvalued the works, provided an explanation concerning the removal of a downstand beam which was unsatisfactory, inaccurate and misleading.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 9 – 11 May 2017
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to provide adequate terms of engagement; failed to disclose a conflict of interest.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 4 May 2016
Nature of offence: UPC: Failed to issue adequate terms of engagement; failed to respond appropriately to a client complaint.
Penalty: No order


Date: 5 April 2016
Nature of offence: UPC: the architect made statements which brought himself and the profession into disrepute, contrary to Standard 9.2 of the Code
Penalty: No order


Date: 24 March 2016
Nature of Offence: UPC- failed adequately, or at all, to ensure that the business style of the practice in which he was the sole registered architect was not misleading; failed adequately, or at all, to ensure that the architectural work carried out by the practice on behalf of the Complainant was under the control and management of a registered architect; failed adequately, or at all, to ensure that the Complainant was aware of the identity of the registered architect at the practice; and failed adequately, or at all, to ensure that the Complainant was aware that other persons carrying out architectural work on the project were not registered architects.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 7 March 2016
Nature of Offence: Criminal Conviction
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 1 – 2 March 2016
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to enter into a written agreement with his client prior to undertaking any professional work; failed to carry out work without undue delay
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12 & 13 May, 17 August and 21 January 2016
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to provide the client with adequate terms of engagement; claimed retrospective fees without prior approval from the client
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 6 July 2016
Nature of offence: Criminal Conviction.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 2 December 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to prepare accurate drawings; failed to visit site prior to submitting a planning application; failed to deal with a dispute appropriately and sought to blame the complainant for own failings & SPI: failed to prepare accurate drawings
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 16 November 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to provide terms of engagement; failed to keep client updated of costs
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 26 October 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to set out terms of engagement, failed to deal with a complaint adequately
Penalty: Reprimand by consent


Date: 14 August 2015
Nature of offence: UPC/SPI: failed to keep clients informed of any issue which may significantly affect the quality and/or cost of the proposed project, and/or specifically failed to notify the clients that the figures quoted were not an estimate for the full build costs of the project and would only cover the cost of the square metre increase.
Penalty: £4000 penalty order


Date: 23 and 24 June and 10 July 2015
Nature of offence: UPC: made representations which he knew, or ought to have known, to be inaccurate, misleading and unfair to others, and in so doing he failed to act with integrity and avoid any actions or situations inconsistent with his professional obligations; He failed to take any, or adequate, steps to ensure that the representations made in a letter were accurate in all, or any, respects;  disclosed confidential information without the prior consent of his client’s personal representatives, and in so doing failed to maintain client confidentiality
Penalty: £1250 penalty order


Date: 9,10 & 17 June 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: Facilitated, permitted or acquiesced in the issue of a final Architects certificate without fully inspecting and/or approving the works and/or when he knew there were outstanding matters; made representations which were inaccurate misleading and untrue, failed to respond adequately or at all to a complaint about his professional work
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 5 June 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to carry out work faithfully and conscientiously, failed to provide an effective and efficient service to his client, failed to deal with his client’s complaint
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 2 June 2015
Nature of Offence: Criminal Conviction
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 21 May 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: received a police caution in respect of a common assault
Penalty: £500 penalty order


Date:18 May 2015
Nature of Offence: Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to maintain adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 20 – 24 April, 29 April (chambers) and 16 June 2015 (tel conf)
Nature of offence: UPC: specifed a heating system that was unsuitable and inadequate for the property; failed to adequately specify and design the heating system; failed to adequately specify the slate flooring; failed to ensure the protection of flooring during ongoing works; certified defective work in respect of the flooring; failed adequately to explain and discuss or obtain permission for all variations to the contract; failed to ensure cost savings were applied to the contract in a reasonable time
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 15-16 April and 19 June 2015
Nature of offence: UPC: failed to adequately or at all set out terms of engagement in writing; failed to recognise and/or declare a conflict of interest when he advised he complainants that he could provide all of the building services alongside his architectural services; failed to provide monthly updates on costs as agreed; failed to provide full reconciliation and projection in relation to costs in or around December 2012, failed to provide any such budget review/costs comparison; failed to monitor costs and/or report on overspending and as a result, allowed costs to excessivly exceed the estimate; failed to respond to the complainant’s complaint in a timely manner; failed to cooperate with the ARB’s investigations
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 6 March 2015
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to perform appropriate and accurate duties for the obtaining of planning permission for a property renovation; failed to respond promptly and/or appropriately to a complaint and/or dispute about professional work
Penalty: £2000 penalty order


Date: 1-2 December 2014
Nature of Offence: Nature of Offence: Nature of Offence: UPC: Failed to issue adequate terms of engagement
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 27 October 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to have adequate insurance and failed to deal with a complaint
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 10 September & 20 October 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failed to adequately set out terms of engagement; failed to carry out work faithfully and conscientiously; failed to adequately deal with a complaint
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 17 September 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failed to issue adequate terms of engagement; failed to maintain adequate insurance
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 14 and 15 May 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to enter into a written agreement with the client
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 27 March and 8 May 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to carry out his professional work faithfully and conscientiously
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 7 – 11 April 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI :failed to adequately set out terms of contract in writing, failed to carry out work with due skill, care and diligence, failed to keep his client informed of the progress of works, failed to carry out work without undue delay, acted inconsistently with professional obligations in requesting a payment from a third party supplier
Penalty: One year suspension


Date: 21 March 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to ensure that professional finances were managed prudently
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 5 February 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to carry out work without undue delay and failure to keep client informed
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 22 January 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to maintain adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance and run-off cover
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 7 – 8 January 2014
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: Failed adequately, or at all, prepare an appropriate contract between his client and the contractor.
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 18 – 19 December 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: Failed to carry out work without undue delay, failed to inform client about the absence of a stage two building warrant
Penalty: £2000 penalty order


Date: 9 December 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to provide terms of engagement at the outset of appointment
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 28 – 29 November 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to ensure that an employee was adequately supervised
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 5 – 6 November 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to provide compliant terms of engagement at the outset of appointment
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 21 October 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to ensure that the business style of the practice, to include the letterhead, was not misleading; failure to co-operate with ARB’s investigations
Penalty: No Order


Date: 17 – 18 October 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to promote professional services in a responsible manner; failure to set out adequate terms of engagement
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 9 October 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Misleading promotion of business; failed to ensure that a client of the practice was informed that the project was under the architect’s control and management
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 19 September 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failed to issue adequate terms of engagement; failed maintain adequate insurance
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 27 – 28 August 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC: Complaint 1: Failed to respond to requests for information, failed to co-operate fully and promptly with ARB, failed to provide evidence of insurance. Complaint 2: Failed to issue adequate terms of engagement, failed to deal with a complaint about professional work promptly and appropriately, failed to co-operate fully and promptly with ARB, used inaccurate and misleading information in relation to the promotion of business, failed to keep the client informed of the progress of work
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 3 July 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC and SPI – Failure to provide terms of engagement, failed to prepare designs in line with initial brief, made errors relating to the footprint of the house and measurements to the roof
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 24 – 25 June 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – Failure to adequately set out terms of engagement
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 4 – 5 June 2013
Nature of offence: UPC: Acted in a manner inconsistent with his professional obligations in respect of the appointment of builders; offered a service that combined consulting and architectural services without explaining that no independent architectural function could therefore be provided; failed to provide adequate compentence and resources for the project, failed to provide sufficient terms of engagement, failed to carry out work without undue delay and within agreed cost limits, made misrepresentations to the Board.
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 14 May 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – made a statement in an email which was contrary to his obligations to maintain the reputation of the architects’ profession
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 1 May 2013
Nature of Offence: SPI & UPC: failed to carry out his work conscientiously and with skill and care, in that he failed to adequately, or at all, survey the existing site conditions which resulted in the extension not fitting properly at all; failed to carry out his work conscientiously and with skill and care, in that he failed to apply for planning permission; failed to deal with a complaint concerning his professional work appropriately
Penalty: £3000 penalty order


Date: 29 April 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – failed to adequately set out terms of engagement in writing; failed to record in writing variations to the original agreement; failed to carry out work within agreed cost limits and failed to keep complainants informed of progress of works and failed to safeguard the complainants’ money
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 27 March 2013
Nature of Offence: Criminal Conviction – breach of HSE regulations
Penalty:£2500 penalty order


Date: 6 -7 March 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – fafiled to inspect the works appropriately, and incorrectly advised the client that the issuing of a Certificate of Practical Completion would not affect their right, failed to advise the client property over liquidated damagers and granted a five month extension of time when it was not approriate to do so
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 12 February 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – undertook work in a personal capacity for a client of his Practice at a time when the Pracitce was in financial difficulties, failed to hold appropriate professional indemnity insurance for this work, faield to notify the Registrar of a failure to pay a judgment debt relating to an employment tribunal, and that he had been made the subject of a bankruptcy order
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 17 December 2012 and 30 Janaury 2013
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to co-operate fully and promptly with the Board
Penalty: £500 penalty order


Date: 7 December 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to provide adequate terms of engagement
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 6 December 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to act without delay and failure to keep client adequately informed
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 28-29 November 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to adequately deal with complaint


Date: 26 September 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to ensure that his personal and professional finances were managed prudently and responsibly.
Penalty: 1 year suspension


Date: 25 September 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to inform employer and used position with employer to prepare and submit a tender on behalf of architect’s own practice; failure to act with integrity
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 18 & 19 June 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC: failed to ensure that his professional finances were managed prudently; failed to pay a judgement debt; failed to deal with a complaint promptly or appropriately; failed to report to his clients in writing the risk posed to their proposed extension; failed to request tenders from three of four contractors; failed to have appropriate insurance arrangements; and failed to respond to correspondence from the Board.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 12 June 2012
Nature of Offence: SPI – failure to obtain building regulation approval
Penalty: No order


Date: 11 June 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – Using unlicensed software in practice
Penalty: £2000 penalty order


Date: 22 May 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failed to ensure business was managed competently; continued to use the name of a liquidated company; pursued fees due to a liquidated company; made unprofessional representations, and failed to deal with a complaint appropriately.
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 3 May 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to manage business(es) competently resultingin company liquidation, failed to inform Registrar of liquidation within 28 days or at all, failure to correspond with the Board in a timely fashion
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 27 March 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to disclose a conflict of interest, failure to provide adequate terms of engagement and disclosed confidential information
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 20 March 2012
Nature of Offence: Failure to pay PCC penalty order
Penalty: One year suspension


Date: 20 & 21 March 2012
Nature of Offence: SPI – failure to carry out work faithfully, conscientiously and with due skill, care and diligence
£500 penalty order


Date: 12 & 13 March 2012
Nature of Offence: UPC- failure to deal with a complaint appropriately; failed to adequately set out terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 11 January 2012
Nature of Offence: Failed to pay PCC penalty order
Penalty: 6 month suspension


Date: 21 – 23 November 2011
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to act in client’s best interest and consistent with professsional obligation, failure to act with integrity, failure to carry out professional work faithfully and conscietiously, failre to carry out work without undue delay, failure to deal with a complaint about professional work
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 11 October 2011
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to ensure the practice was under her control and management; failure to deal with a complaint promplty; failure to respond to the ARB
Penalty: £500 penalty order


Date: 15 August 2011
SPI – failure to carry out work with due skill, care and diligence
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to have in place effective internal procedures to include monitoring and review procedures; failure to exercise adequate supervision of staff; failure to co-operate fully and promptly with the ARB
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 7 June 2011
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to act with integrity and made a statement which he knew to be unfair to others or discreditable to the profession and failure to ensure a client’s confidential information was safeguarded.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12 January 2011
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to respond to the Architects Registration Board in accordance with the timescale set out in the Code
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 19 April 2011
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to record provision for termination and dispute resolution and that he was subject to the disciplinary functions of the ARB; failure to ensure the practice had effective internal monitoring and review procedures in place; failure to keep clients informed of costs; and failure to handle the client’s or their legal representative’s complaint appropriately.
Penalty: Four-month suspension


Date: 21 October 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC –failure to ensure the work of the practice was under the control and management of an architect, failure to ensure that the identity of that architect was apparent to clients and failure to inform clients of the disciplinary sanction of the Board.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 1 September 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC- failure to report a serious breach of the Code to the ARB.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 1 September 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI – dishonesty; failure to carry out work faithfully and conscientiously; failure to undertake work without undue delay; failure to provide terms of engagement; failure to deal with a dispute appropriately.
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 25 August 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to make it clear that his services would not incorporate the independent functions of an architect.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 17 August 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to provide evidence of insurance in the form required by the Board; and failure to respond to correspondence from the Board.
Penalty: No order


Date: 12 July 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to record terms of contract in writing; failure to carry out work without undue delay; failure to deal with complaints about his professional work; failure to deal with correspondence from the Board.
Penalty: £2500 penalty order


Date: 12 May 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to maintain adequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance work carried out in a private capacity
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 13 April 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to maintain adequate and appropriate insurance and failed to respond to the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 19 March 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to adequately set out Terms of Engagement in writing
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 3 & 4 March 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to disclose a potential conflict in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 15 December 2009 and 1 March 2010
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to provide adequate terms of contract
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 26 January 2010 SPI – failure to perform work with due skill care and diligence
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to adequately set out terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 8 December 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC– failure to maintain adequate and apppropriate professional indemnity insurance run-off cover
Penalty: £1000 fine


Date: 29 & 30 October 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to issue correct Terms of Engagement in Writing
Penalty: £750 penalty order


Date: 25 June 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC- failure to set out Terms of Engagement in Writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 27 May 20109
Nature of Offence: UPC
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 27 May 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 27 May 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 7 April 2009
Nature of Offence: Criminal conviction
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 25 February 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to manage finances prudently; failure to maintain aequate and appropriate professional indemnity insurance
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 24 February 2009
Nature of Offence: Criminal conviction
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12 January 2009
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to provide evidence of Professional Indemnity Insurance; failure to respond to correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 2 May & 28 October 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – failure to provide evidence of Professional Indemnity Insurance; failure to respond to correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 18 June 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – Failure to pay a PCC Penalty Order, failing to carry out professional work; failing to provide evidence of PII; failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 18 June 2008
Nature of Offence: Criminal Conviction
Penalty: No order


Date: 18 June 2008
Criminal Conviction
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 17 June 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – failing to provide evidence of PII and failing to deal with corresopndence from the Board
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 17 June 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC –failing to provide evidence of PII and failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 02 May 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – failing to hold professional indemnity insurance and failing to respond to correspondence from the Board Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 02 May 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – failing to deal with a client complaint and failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 26 February 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – holding himself out as an architect when not entitled and providing misleading information
Penalty: Six month suspension


Date: 17 January 2008
Nature of Offence: UPC – Failure to manage work professionally and with regard to the interests of client
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 11 December 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC – Misuse of the affix RIBA; making misleading representations to client; failing to preserve the security of clients funds and failing to ensure personal and professional finances were managed prudently
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 26 November 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC – Failing to provide adequate terms of engagement, failing to charge client as promised, lack of PII cover and using the title ‘architect’ when not on the Register
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 25 June 2007
Nature of Offence: SPI – failing to perform his work with due skill, care and diligence, and certifying work for a contractor when he should not have done so.
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12 June 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC – failing to have professional indemnity insurance in place, failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 12 June 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC – failing to provide evidence of compliance with the insurance requirement and failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 6 June 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC – carrying out work with no professional indemnity insurance, failing to ensure run-off cover after allowing her PII cover to lapse, and convicted of breaching sections 7 and 9 of the Planning (Listed Building and Conservation Areas) Act 1990p
Penalty: One year suspension


Date: 13 March 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to deal with correspondence from both client and the Board
Penalty: £1500 penalty order


Date: 28 February 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: £1000 penalty order


Date: 21 February 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to hold appropriate professional indemnity insurance
Penalty: £750 penalty order


Date: 24 January 2007
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 18 October 2006
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to provide evidence of professional indemnity insurance and failing to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: 1 year suspension


Date: 28 September 2006
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide a written contract to clients, failure to supervise staff and acting in a conflict of interest situation
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 21 July 2006
Nature of Offence: Criminal conviction relating to his practice as an architect
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 19 January 2006
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to produce evidence of professional indemnity insurance
Penalty: £1,000 penalty order


Date: 19 January 2006
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to deal with correspondence from the Board
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 24 November 2005
Nature of Offence: Criminal conviction relating to practise as an architect
Penalty: No penalty


Date: 05 October 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 12 July 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to pay a judgment debt
Penalty: Reprimand & £500 penalty order


Date: 28 June 2005
Nature of Offence: SPI: failure to administer contract correctly
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 14 June 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: failing to deal with complaints from a client properly, holding herself out as an architect when unregistered
Penalty: £600 penalty order


Date: 07 April 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 07 April 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 07 April 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 07 April 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 15 March 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: £1,000 penalty order


Date: 15 March 2005
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: £1,250 penalty order


Date: 03 March 2005
Nature of Offence: Criminal Conviction
Penalty: 18 month suspension


Date: 24 August 2004
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: No Penalty


Date: 13 July 2004
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing and causing undue delays
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 09 December 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 16 October 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to manage finances and deal with complaints
Penalty: 9 month suspensions


Date: 01 October 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC: Not agreeing terms of contract in writing
Penalty: £1,500 penalty order


Date: 14 July 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC: not having adequate insurance
Penalty: £1,000 penalty order


Date: 11 March 2003
Nature of Offence: SPI: falling below acceptable standards for an architect
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 04 March 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: lack of due care, skill & diligence
Penalty: £2,000 penalty order


Date: 04 February 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without insurance
Penalty: £1,000 penalty & 1 year suspension


Date: 15 January 2003
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: Misleading clients, practising without insurance & failure to deal with complaints
Penalty: Erasure


Date: 29 October 2002
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: Inaccurate drawings, failure to submit plans, to supervise staff and provide a written contract
Penalty: 9 month suspension


Date: 11 Septemer 2002
Nature of Offence: UPC: Mishandling of client monies and failure to deal with complaints
Penalty: Reprimand & £500 penalty


Date: 16 May 2002
Nature of Offence: UPC & DC: misleading planning authority & misappropriation of funds
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 27 February 2002
Nature of Offence: UPC & SPI: Failure to administer contract
Penalty: 6 month suspension


Date: 26 Septemer 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 02 May 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: Misleading a client in a planning application
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 02 May 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to manage business properly, undue delay and dealing with complaints inappropriately
Penalty: 2 year suspension


Date: 02 May 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: £250 penalty


Date: 02 May 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: No penalty order


Date: 24 January 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: inappropriate termination of agreement
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 04 January 2001
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 06 Septemer 2000
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failing to hand over documents
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 27 July 2000
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to provide terms of engagement in writing and failure to deal with planning application
Penalty:£800 penalty followed by Erasure for non-payment


Date: 14 March 2000
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to account for client monies
Penalty:£500 penalty


Date: 16 February 2000
Nature of Offence: UPC: Flawed tendering process
Penalty:2 year suspension


Date: 08 December 1999
Nature of Offence: UPC: Practising without professional indemnity insurance in place
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 16 November 1999
Nature of Offence: UPC: Failure to pay a judgment debt
Penalty:4 month suspension


Date: 20 May 1999
Nature of Offence: UPC: failure to deal with clients money properly
Penalty: Reprimand


Date: 20 April 1999
Nature of Offence: Criminal convictions for forgery and fraud
Penalty:Erasure


Date: 19 December 1997
Nature of Offence: UPC: Contractual, tendering and inspection errors
Penalty:Erasure

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