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On 14 July 2015, Mr Angelo Emmanuel of J E Consultants UK Ltd in Northolt, Middlesex pleaded guilty to misusing the title ‘architect’, in breach of the Architects Act 1997.

Uxbridge Magistrates Court heard that Mr Emmanuel continued to use the title on planning applications and in an online directory advertisement on The Court also heard that Mr Emmanuel had advertised his services as an architect on his LinkedIn profile.

Uxbridge Magistrates Court took the view that these were serious breaches and decided that Mr Emmanuel should be fined £2,500, ordered to pay a further £2,172 to ARB in costs, a victim surcharge of £100 and a criminal court’s charge of £150.

A spokesperson on behalf of ARB’s Professional Standards Department said:

‘Only registered architects are legally allowed to use the title ‘architect’ in business or practice. We are glad that the Court took on board that LinkedIn is a wide reaching social media platform and also took a dim view of Mr Emmanuel ignoring ARB correspondence yet continuing to use the title when he was not on the Register. Anyone wishing to use the services of an architect should check the Register of Architects at ‘


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Notes for Editors

ARB is the statutory body established by Parliament under the Architects Act 1997 to regulate the UK architects’ profession in the public interest. The Act requires ARB, among other things, to regulate use of the title “architect” and to take action when it is being used unlawfully (Section 20).

ARB has a Board of 15 members, seven of whom are architects elected by the profession. The remaining eight are members of the public appointed by the Privy Council to represent the interests of consumers and users of architectural services.

The maximum fine for each offence, currently £2500, is set by the Architects Act 1997. Magistrates determine the amount of the fine (and related costs) after considering the nature of the offence and any mitigation put forward by the defendant. Money raised from fines is paid to HM Treasury, not to ARB.

For further information, please contact Simon Howard, Professional Standards Manager, on 020 7580 5861, or by email on

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